4dbe299d7d8e — Aay Jay Chan default tip 3 years ago
tests: add tests around phases
44660c7c4707 — Aay Jay Chan 3 years ago
compat: fix publishing of changesets in public branches
Added signature for changeset 5771f0cbe2ce


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#Hg-Git Mercurial Plugin

This is the Hg-Git plugin for Mercurial, adding the ability to push and pull to/from a Git server repository from Hg. This means you can collaborate on Git based projects from Hg, or use a Git server as a collaboration point for a team with developers using both Git and Hg.

The Hg-Git plugin can convert commits/changesets losslessly from one system to another, so you can push via an Hg repository and another Hg client can pull it and their changeset node ids will be identical - Mercurial data does not get lost in translation. It is intended that Hg users may wish to use this to collaborate even if no Git users are involved in the project, and it may even provide some advantages if you're using Bookmarks (see below).


This plugin is implemented entirely in Python - there are no Git binary dependencies, you do not need to have Git installed on your system. The only dependencies are Mercurial and Dulwich. See the Makefile for information about which versions of Mercurial are known to work, and setup.py for which versions of Dulwich are required.


Clone this repository somewhere and make the 'extensions' section in your ~/.hgrc file look something like this:

hggit = [path-to]/hg-git/hggit

That will enable the Hg-Git extension for you.

See the Makefile for a list of compatible Mercurial versions.


Patches preferred via e-mail to the hg-git Google Group, hg-git@googlegroups.com. We use a variant of Mercurial's own contribution system. https://www.mercurial-scm.org/wiki/ContributingChanges contains their full guidelines. See the CONTRIBUTING file in the source for more details.


You can clone a Git repository from Hg by running hg clone <url> [dest]. For example, if you were to run

$ hg clone git://github.com/schacon/hg-git.git

Hg-Git would clone the repository and convert it to an Hg repository for you.

If you want to clone a github repository for later pushing (or any other repository you access via ssh), you need to convert the ssh url to a format with an explicit protocol prefix. For example, the git url with push access


would read


(Mind the switch from colon to slash after the host!)

Your clone command would thus look like this:

$ hg clone git+ssh://git@github.com/schacon/hg-git.git

If you are starting from an existing Hg repository, you have to set up a Git repository somewhere that you have push access to, add a path entry for it in your .hg/hgrc file, and then run hg push [name] from within your repository. For example:

$ cd hg-git # (an Hg repository)
$ # edit .hg/hgrc and add the target git url in the paths section
$ hg push

This will convert all your Hg data into Git objects and push them to the Git server.

Now that you have an Hg repository that can push/pull to/from a Git repository, you can fetch updates with hg pull.

$ hg pull

That will pull down any commits that have been pushed to the server in the meantime and give you a new head that you can merge in.

Hg-Git pushes your bookmarks up to the Git server as branches and will pull Git branches down and set them up as bookmarks.

Hg-Git can also be used to convert a Mercurial repository to Git. You can use a local repository or a remote repository accessed via SSH, HTTP or HTTPS. Use the following commands to convert the repository (it assumes you're running this in $HOME).

$ mkdir git-repo; cd git-repo; git init; cd ..
$ cd hg-repo
$ hg bookmarks hg
$ hg push ../git-repo

The hg bookmark is necessary to prevent problems as otherwise hg-git pushes to the currently checked out branch confusing Git. This will create a branch named hg in the Git repository. To get the changes in master use the following command (only necessary in the first run, later just use git merge or rebase).

$ cd git-repo
$ git checkout -b master hg

To import new changesets into the Git repository just rerun the hg push command and then use git merge or git rebase in your Git repository.


See hg help -e hggit.



Git uses a strict convention for "author names" when representing changesets, using the form [realname] [email address]. Mercurial encourages this convention as well but is not as strict, so it's not uncommon for a Mercurial repo to have authors listed as, for example, simple usernames. hg-git by default will attempt to translate Mercurial usernames using the following rules:

  • If the Mercurial username fits the pattern NAME <EMAIL>, the git name will be set to NAME and the email to EMAIL.
  • If the Mercurial username looks like an email (if it contains an @), the git name and email will both be set to that email.
  • If the Mercurial username consists of only a name, the email will be set to none@none.
  • Illegal characters (stray <s or >s) will be stripped out, and for NAME <EMAIL> usernames, any content after the right-bracket (for example, a second >) will be turned into a url-encoded sigil like ext:(%3E) in the git author name.

Since these default behaviors may not be what you want (none@none, for example, shows up unpleasantly on Github as "illegal email address"), the git.authors option provides for an "authors translation file" that will be used during outgoing transfers from mercurial to git only, by modifying hgrc as such:

authors = authors.txt

Where authors.txt is the name of a text file containing author name translations, one per each line, using the following format:

johnny = John Smith <jsmith@foo.com>
dougie = Doug Johnson <dougiej@bar.com>

Empty lines and lines starting with a "#" are ignored.

It should be noted that this translation is on the hg->git side only. Changesets coming from Git back to Mercurial will not translate back into hg usernames, so it's best that the same username/email combination be used on both the hg and git sides; the author file is mostly useful for translating legacy changesets.


Blocks exporting revisions to Git that contain a directory named .git or any letter-case variation thereof. This prevents creating repositories that newer versions of Git and many Git hosting services block due to security concerns. Defaults to True.


Blocks importing revisions from Git that contain a directory named .hg. Defaults to True.


hg-git does not convert between Mercurial named branches and git branches as the two are conceptually different; instead, it uses Mercurial bookmarks to represent the concept of a git branch. Therefore, when translating an hg repo over to git, you typically need to create bookmarks to mirror all the named branches that you'd like to see transferred over to git. The major caveat with this is that you can't use the same name for your bookmark as that of the named branch, and furthermore there's no feasible way to rename a branch in Mercurial. For the use case where one would like to transfer an hg repo over to git, and maintain the same named branches as are present on the hg side, the branch_bookmark_suffix might be all that's needed. This presents a string "suffix" that will be recognized on each bookmark name, and stripped off as the bookmark is translated to a git branch:


Above, if an hg repo had a named branch called release_6_maintenance, you could then link it to a bookmark called release_6_maintenance_bookmark. hg-git will then strip off the _bookmark suffix from this bookmark name, and create a git branch called release_6_maintenance. When pulling back from git to hg, the _bookmark suffix is then applied back, if and only if an hg named branch of that name exists. E.g., when changes to the release_6_maintenance branch are checked into git, these will be placed into the release_6_maintenance_bookmark bookmark on hg. But if a new branch called release_7_maintenance were pulled over to hg, and there was not a release_7_maintenance named branch already, the bookmark will be named release_7_maintenance with no usage of the suffix.

The branch_bookmark_suffix option is, like the authors option, intended for migrating legacy hg named branches. Going forward, an hg repo that is to be linked with a git repo should only use bookmarks for named branching.


Whether to consider unmodified files as copy sources. This is a very expensive operation for large projects, so use it with caution. Similar to git diff's --find-copies-harder option.


hg-git keeps a git repository clone for reading and updating. By default, the git clone is the subdirectory git in your local Mercurial repository. If you would like this git clone to be at the same level of your Mercurial repository instead (named .git), add the following to your hgrc:

intree = True


If set, branches where the latest commit's commit time is older than this will not be imported. Accepts any date formats that Mercurial does -- see hg help dates for more.


A list of Git branches that should be considered "published", and therefore converted to Mercurial in the 'public' phase. This is only used if hggit.usephases is set.


The number of files to consider when performing the copy/rename detection. Detection is disabled if the number of files modified in a commit is above the limit. Detection is O(N^2) in the number of files modified, so be sure not to set the limit too high. Similar to Git's diff.renameLimit config. The default is "400", the same as Git.


Specify how similar files modified in a Git commit must be to be imported as Mercurial renames or copies, as a percentage between "0" (disabled) and "100" (files must be identical). For example, "90" means that a delete/add pair will be imported as a rename if more than 90% of the file has stayed the same. The default is "0" (disabled).


Controls how often the mapping between Git and Mercurial commit hashes gets saved when importing or exporting changesets. Set this to a number greater than 0 to save the mapping after converting that many commits. This can help when the conversion encounters an error partway through a large batch of changes. Defaults to 0, so that the mapping is saved once at the end.


When converting Git revisions to Mercurial, place them in the 'public' phase as appropriate. Namely, revisions that are reachable from the remote Git repository's HEAD will be marked 'public'. For most repositories, this means the remote 'master' will be converted as public. This speeds up some local Mercurial operations including hg shelve.